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Vitamin D3 and Dental Caries in Children with Growth Hormone Deficiency

Vitamin D3 and Dental Caries in Children with Growth Hormone Deficiency

Vitamin D deficiency is a common risk factor for multifactorial diseases, and it seems to be associated with growth hormone deficiency (GHD). Vitamin D could prevent dental caries. The goal of this study was to identify whether there is an association between hormonal therapy with growth hormone (GH), vitamin D3 supplementation, vitamin D3 levels, and the occurrence of caries among children affected by GHD.

Vitamin D Deficiency and Oral Health: A Comprehensive Review

Vitamin D Deficiency and Oral Health A Comprehensive Review

Vitamin D (VD) levels have been gaining growing attention in Oral Health. During growth and adulthood, VD deficiency (VDD) is associated with a wide variety of oral health disorders, and impaired VD synthesis may expedite some of these conditions. In children, severe VDD can induce defective tooth mineralization, resulting in dentin and enamel defects. As a consequence, these defects may increase the risk of the onset and progression of dental caries. Further, VDD has been associated with higher prevalence of periodontitis and gingival inflammation, and several recent preclinical and clinical studies have unveiled potential pathways through which Vitamin D may interact with the periodontium. VDD correction through supplementation may contribute to a successful treatment of periodontitis; however, alveolar bone regeneration procedures performed in baseline VDD patients seem more prone to failure. Vitamin D may also be linked with some oral pathology entities such as certain oral cancers and events of osteonecrosis of the jaw. This review aims to provide comprehensive evidence of how VD levels should be considered to promote good oral health, and to summarize how VDD may hamper oral development and its role in certain oral conditions.

Vitamin D and Dental Health

Common oral diseases include gingivitis (inflammation of soft ‘gum’ tissue), periodontitis (infection of hard and soft tissues around teeth) and caries (infection of teeth). These conditions are influenced by the body’s immune function as well as its ability to promote mineralization of hard tissues in the area. As a mediator of mineralization and immunity, vitamin D levels may influence these conditions. Vitamin D has anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial roles in the oral cavity. Its anti-inflammatory effects are a result of many different interactions including activation of both acquired and innate immunity.

Effects of early vitamin D deficiency rickets on bone and dental health, growth and immunity

Vitamin D deficiency is associated with adverse health outcomes, including impaired bone growth, gingival inflammation and increased risk for autoimmune disease, but the relationship between vitamin D deficiency rickets in childhood and long-term health has not been studied.

Vitamin D deficiency in Early Implant Failure: Two Case Reports

An association between vitamin D deficiency and early dental implant failure is not properly verified, but its role in osteoimmunology is discussed. This article illustrates two case reports with vitamin D deficiency and early implant failure. Prior to implant placement, the first patient received crestal bone grafting with autologous material. Both patients received dental implants from different manufacturers in the molar region of the mandible. In the case of bone grafting in the first patient, all implants were placed in a two-stage procedure. All implants had to be removed within 15 days after implant placement. Vitamin D serum levels were measured: Both patients showed a vitamin D deficiency (serum vitamin D level <20 μg/l). After vitamin D supplementation, implant placement was successful in both patients. Prospective, randomized clinical trials must follow to affirm the relationship between vitamin D deficiency, osteoimmunology, and early implant failure.